News / Aktuelles

 

06.09.2018: Presentations at the ESA RN 21 Mid-term conference  / Präsentationen bei der ESA RN Mid-term Konferenz

 

The ESA RN 21 mid-term conference "Potentials and Limits of Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences" takes place in Cracow, Poland, October 3-6, 2018 (see Conference Website)

 

Lazarevič, Patrick: Rating Health and Rating Change: How Canadians Rate Their Health and Its Changes (Thursday, October 4, Session 1.6: “Potentials and limits of longitudinal studies”)

 

Lazarevič, Patrick: Feeling What You Know or Knowing What You Feel: The Role of Diagnoses and Biomarkers in the Subjective Rating of Health (Friday, October 5, Session 2.2: “Potentials and limits of wellbeing research”)

 

 

06.09.2018: Presentation at the ESA Mid-term conference "Agency, Citizenship and the Dynamics of Power" / Präsentation bei der ESA Mid-term Konferenz "Agency, Citizenship and the Dynamics of Power"

 

The ESA Mid-term conference "Agency, Citizenship and the Dynamics of Power" takes place in Brno, Masaryk University, Czech Republic, September 5-7, 2018 (see Conference Website)

 

Lazarevič, Patrick: Beyond Health: How Do Non Health-Related Factors Influence Self-Rated Health? (Thursday, September 6, Session 8: “Equality and care accessibility in older age”)

 

 

15.08.2018: Lecture at the International Academy in Traunkirchen, Austria / Vortrag an der Internationalen Akademie in Traunkirchen

 

Luy, Marc: Warum Frauen älter werden als Männer [Why women become older than men]

 

[Link to Event Announcement]

 

Abstract: Frauen haben gegenwärtig eine um rund fünf Jahre höhere Lebenserwartung als Männer. Wodurch entsteht dieser große Unterschied? Sind es biologische Faktoren oder eher nicht-biologische Ursachen? Wieviel ist auf das Gesundheitsverhalten von Frauen und Männern zurückzuführen? In dem Vortrag wird der aktuelle Forschungsstand über die Gründe für die Geschlechterdifferenz in der Lebenserwartung aus sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive zusammengefasst.

 

 

15.07.2018: Presentation at the ISA World Congress of Sociology / Präsentation beim ISA World Congress of Sociology

 

The XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology takes place in Toronto, Canada, July 15-21, 2018 (see Conference Website)

 

Lazarevič, Patrick: Biological Influences on Health-Ratings: The Relationship of Biomarkers and Self-Rated Health and How It Differs Across Groups (Wednesday, July 18, Session 289: “New Developments in Measurement of Social Inequalities in Health”)

 

 

01.07.2018: Presentations at the European Congress of Epidemiology / Präsentationen beim Europäischen Epidemiologie-Kongress

 

The European Congress of Epidemiology in held in Lyon, France, July 4-6, 2018 (see Conference Website)

 

     (1) Lazarevič, Patrick: Changes in Health but not in the General Evaluation? The Sensitivity of Self-Rated Health to Changes (Friday, July 6, Poster Session)

     (2) Lazarevič, Patrick: Biological Influences on Health-Ratings: The Relationship of Biomarkers and Self-Rated Health and How It Differs Across Groups (Friday, July 6, Poster Session)

 

 

19.06.2018: Presentation at the Conference “Masculinity and Health” of the Austrian Federal Ministry for Labour, Social Affairs, Health and Consumer Protection in Vienna / Präsentation bei der Tagung “Männlichkeit und Gesundheit” des Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Soziales, Gesundheit und Konsumentenschutz in Wien

 

Luy, Marc: Männergesundheitsaspekte aus der Klosterstudie [Insights into men’s health from the Cloister Study]

 

[Link to Conference Website]

 

Abstract: In der von Marc Luy geleiteten Klosterstudie hat sich herausgestellt, dass Ordensmänner eine deutlich höhere Lebenserwartung haben als Männer der Allgemeinbevölkerung. In dem Vortrag werden die bisher gewonnenen Erkenntnisse zu den Ursachen der langen Lebensdauer der Mönche zusammengefasst.

 

 

04.06.2018: Presentation at the ESHMS 2018 / Präsentation bei der ESHMS 2018

 

17th Biennial Conference of the European Society for Health and Medical Sociology, Lisbon, Portugal, June 6-8 (see Conference Website)

 

Lazarevič, Patrick; Quesnel-Vallée, Amélie: Education and Self-Rated Health: Is Education Shaping Health Inequalities by Influencing How People Rate (Changes in) Their Health? (Thursday, June 7, Session 14: "Education in the Context of Health Inequalities")

 

 

04.06.2018: Presentations at EPC 2018 / Präsentationen bei der EPC 2018

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in the following oral and poster presentations at the 2018 European Population Conference which takes place in Brussels, Belgium on June 6-9 (see Conference Website):

 

     (1) Luy, Marc: Morbidity Compression and Expansion Effects in Cross-Sectional Context (Wednesday, June 6, Pre EPC Workshop “Morbidity Compression, Morbidity Expansion, and Dynamic Equilibrium: Conceptual Considerations and New Findings)

     (2) Sauerberg, Markus; Di Lego, Vanessa; Di Giulio, Paola; Lazarevič, Patrick; Luy, Marc: Health Crisis or Tempo Effects? An Analysis of Decreasing Life Expectancy in the U.S. and Europe between 2014 and 2015 (Thursday, June 7, Session 22: “Mortality Trends in High(er) Income Countries”)

     (3) Krivanek, Desiree: Successful Aging in Monasteries? A Qualitative Study on the Impact of Longer Working Life on Health and Quality of Life of Order Members in Austria (Thursday, June 7, Poster Session 1)

     (4) Luy, Marc: The CroHaM Hypothesis and its Relevance for Dissolving the “Gender and Health Paradox (Friday, June 8, Session 53: “Gender and Health”)

     (5) di Lego, Vanessa: Mortality in a Selected Population Subgroup: The Case of Air Force Personnel (Saturday, June 9, Session 113: “Health and Schooling Outcomes Under Differential Spatial and Development Contexts”)

     (6) Saikia, Nandita; Luy, Marc: Social Gradients in Adult Mortality in India: Application of Orphanhood Method in India Human Development Surveys (Saturday, June 9, Session 113: “Health and Schooling Outcomes Under Differential Spatial and Development Contexts”)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography ist mit oben stehenden Vorträgen bzw. Poster-Präsentationen bei der European Population Conference 2018 vertreten, die vom 6.-9. Juni in Brüssel, Belgien stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Webseite).

 

 

31.05.2018: REVES Poster Award for Patrick Lazarevič

 

Congratulations! Patrick Lazarevič received the third prize of the REVES Poster Award for his poster

 

Self-rated health as a generic health measurement? Identifying the health information used and the role of gender, age, and country

 

Patrick Lazarevič wurde mit dem dritten Platz des REVES Poster Awards für oben stehendes Poster ausgezeichnet. Herzlichen Glückwunsch!

 

 

27.05.2018: Presentations at REVES 2018 / Präsentationen bei REVES 2018

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in the following three presentations at the 30th REVES Meeting which takes place in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA on May 30-June 1 (see Conference Website):

 

     (1) Luy, Marc: Could the actual decrease in life expectancy be caused by “Tempo Effects”? (Wednesday, May 30, Session 3: “Developments in measures and methods, part 1”)

     (2) Lazarevič, Patrick: Self-rated health as a generic health measurement? Identifying the health information used and the role of gender, age, and country (Wednesday, May 30, Poster Session)

     (3) di Lego, Vanessa: Vanguards of longevity: the case of Air Force personnel (Thursday, May 31, Session 6: “Contemporary themes around health and mortality”)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography ist mit oben stehenden drei Vorträgen bzw. Poster-Präsentationen beim 30. REVES Meeting vertreten, das vom 30. Mai bis 1. Juni in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Webseite).

 

 

27.04.2018: PAA Poster Award for Markus Sauerberg and Marc Luy

 

Markus Sauerberg and Marc Luy received the PAA Poster Award for their poster

 

Decreasing Life Expectancy in the United States Between 2014 and 2015: Severe Health Crisis or Just Tempo Effects?

 

Markus Sauerberg und Marc Luy erhielten den PAA Poster Award für oben stehendes Poster.

 

 

25.04.2018: Presentations at PAA 2018 / Präsentationen bei der PAA 2018

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in three oral and poster presentations at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (PAA) which takes place in Denver, Colorado on April 26-28 (see Conference Website):

 

     (1) Turra, Cassio M.; Hidalgo, Cesar A., Figueroa, Cristian Jara; di Lego, Vanessa: Web Data and Mortality: Patterns of Survival Based on Wikipedia Biographical Information (Friday, April 27, Session 167: “Social Media and Web Data”)

     (2) Luy, Marc; Sauerberg, Markus: Decreasing Life Expectancy in the United States Between 2014 and 2015: Severe Health Crisis or Just Tempo Effects? (Friday, April 27, Poster Session 8)

     (3) Turra, Cassio M.; di Lego, Vanessa: Mortality in a Selected Population Subgroup: The Case of Brazilian Air Force Military Personnel (Saturday, April 28, Poster Session 10)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography ist mit oben stehenden drei Vorträgen bzw. Poster-Präsentationen beim 2018 Annual Meeting der Population Association of America (PAA) vertreten, die vom 26.-28. April in Denver, Colorado stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Webseite).

 

 

13.04.2018: Presentation at the Long Night of Science in Vienna / Präsentation bei der Langen Nacht der Forschung in Wien

 

Luy, Marc: Warum leben Frauen länger als Männer? [Why do women live longer than men?]

 

[Link to programme]

 

Abstract: Frauen haben gegenwärtig eine um rund fünf Jahre höhere Lebenserwartung als Männer. Wodurch entsteht dieser große Unterschied? Sind es biologische Faktoren oder eher nicht-biologische Ursachen? Marc Luy, Demograph an der ÖAW, fasst in seinem Kurzvortrag die bislang gewonnenen Erkenntnisse zusammen, aus denen man auch viel für die eigene Lebenserwartung mitnehmen kann – egal ob Frau oder Mann.

 

 

01.04.2018: New DELAG team member / Neues Mitglied im DELAG-Team

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography welcomes our new team member Patrick Lazarevič (see DELAG Team). Patrick is sociologist and he started his Ph.D. project on methodological difficulties in the examination of age(ing) at the TU Dortmund University. He will continue this work inside the LETHE project (see Projects).

 

Patrick Lazarevič at the VID Website

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography heißt unser neues Team-Mitglied Patrick Lazarevič herzlich willkommen (siehe DELAG-Team). Patrick ist Soziologe und er begann mit seiner Doktorarbeit zu methodischen Schwierigkeiten in der Untersuchung von Alter(n) an der TU Dortmund. Er wird diese Forschung im Projekt LETHE fortführen (siehe Projekte).

 

 

20.03.2018: Presentation at the German Public Health Congress / Präsentation beim deutschen Public Health-Kongress “Armut und Gesundheit 2018” (Berlin, Germany)

 

Luy, Marc: Bildungs- und berufsspezifische Lebenserwartung in Deutschland: Schätzungen mit der Longitudinal Survival Method [Education- and occupation-specific life expectancy in Germany: estimations using the Longitudinal Survival Method], Session 115: “Soziale Unterschiede in Mortalität und Lebenserwartung”

 

 

10.03.2018: Award for Vanessa Di Lego / Auszeichnung für Vanessa Di Lego

 

Vanessa Di Lego et al.’s article “Mortality selection among adults in Brazil: The survival advantage of Air Force officers” was chosen by editors of the journal Demographic Research as one of the very best papers in Volume 37 of Demographic Research. Congratulations!!!

 

[Link to Article]

 

Der Aufsatz „Mortality selection among adults in Brazil: The survival advantage of Air Force officers“ von Vanessa Di Lego et al. wurde von den Herausgebern der Zeitschrift Demographic Research als eine der besten Publikationen des Jahrgangs 37 der Zeitschrift ausgewählt. Herzlichen Glückwunsch!!!

 

 

22.11.2017: Presentation at OEAW / Vortrag an der ÖAW

 

Marc Luy is invited to represent the research of the Vienna Institute of Demography at the assembly of the division of Humanities and the Social Sciences of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna. The title of his presentation is “determinants of life expectancy” (the presentation will be given in German).

 

Marc Luy wurde eingeladen um die Forschung des Vienna Institute of Demography in der Sitzung der philosophisch-historischen Klasse der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien zu repräsentieren. Der Titel seines Vortrags lautet „Determinanten der Lebenserwartung“.

 

 

01.02.2018: New DELAG team member / Neues Mitglied im DELAG-Team

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography welcomes our new team member Vanessa Di Lego (see DELAG Team). Vanessa completed her Ph.D. in demography at the Center for Development and Regional Planning (Cedeplar) in Brazil. Vanessa will work primarily inside the LETHE project (see Projects).

 

Vanessa Di Lego at the VID Website

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography heißt unser neues Team-Mitglied Vanessa Di Lego herzlich willkommen (siehe DELAG-Team). Vanessa promovierte im Fach Demographie am Center for Development and Regional Planning (Cedeplar) in Brasilien. Ihre Arbeiten werden sich vor allem auf das Projekt LETHE konzentrieren (siehe Projekte).

 

 

22.11.2017: Lecture for Sociologists at the University of Konstanz / Soziologie-Vorlesung an der Universität Konstanz (Germany)

 

Luy, Marc: Mortalität und Lebenserwartung [Mortality and life expectancy].

 

 

23.11.2017: Presentation at the Directors' Conference of the German province of the Salesians of Don Bosco / Vortrag bei der Direktorenkonferenz der Deutschen Provinz der Salesianer Don Boscos (Aschau am Inn, Deutschland)

 

Luy, Marc: Die Klosterstudie: Bisherige Ergebnisse und Folgerungen für die Ordensgemeinschaften [The Cloister Study: actual results and implications for religious communities],

 

 

22.11.2017: Presentation at the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights / Vortrag bei der Agentur der Europäischen Union für Grundrechte (Vienna, Austria)

 

Luy, Marc: Estimating life expectancy for populations without vital statistics data

 

 

20.10.2017: Presentations at the XXVIII International Population Conference / Präsentationen bei der XXVIII. Internationalen Bevölkerungskonferenz

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in three oral and poster presentations at the XXVIII IUSSP International Population Conference which takes place in Cape Town, South Africa on 29 October-4 November 2017 (see Conference Website):

 

     (1) Luy, Marc: Cross-sectional association between health and mortality: The CroHaM hypothesis (Tuesday, October 31, Session 86: “Theoretical issues in health and mortality research”)

     (2) Bora, Jayanta; Saikia, Nandita; Luy, Marc: Differences in Adult Mortality by education, caste and religion in India: Application of modified Orphanhood Method in India Human Development Survey (Thursday, November 2, Poster Session “Health, mortality and longevity IV”)

     (3) Wiedemann, Angela: Inherent sex differences and disease: what can we learn from Catholic order members? (Friday, November 3, Session 289: “Sex, gender, and health”)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography ist mit oben stehenden drei Vorträgen bzw. Poster-Präsentationen bei der XXVIII. Internationalen Bevölkerungskonferenz der IUSSP vertreten, die vom 29. Oktober bis 4. November in Kapstadt (Südafrika) stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Webseite).

 

 

20.10.2017: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Gündüz, Duygu; Lejak, Anita; Wiedemann, Angela; Avanzi, Marion; Winkler, Walther-Benedikt; Ucar-Altenberger, Hadice; Stöllberger, Caludia; Weidinger, Franz, 2017: “Acute coronary syndrome in immigrants and non-immigrants. Results of an Austrian prospective pilot study”, Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 129(23-24): 900-905.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

19.10.2017: Presentation at the Opening Event of the Austrian Platform for Personalized Medicine / Vortrag bei der Auftaktveranstaltung der Österreichischen Plattform für Personalisierte Medizin (Vienna, Austria)

 

Luy, Marc: From population health to individual health: thoughts of a demographer

 

 

15.10.2017: Presentations at DACH XVIII / Präsentationen bei der DACH XVIII

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in two presentations at the 18th German-Austrian-Swiss Demographers’ Meeting (DACH XVIII) which takes place in Neuchâtel, Switzerland on 16-18 October 2017:

 

     (1) Luy, Marc: Die CroHaM-Hypothese zur Erklärung des Querschnitt-Zusammenhangs zwischen Morbidität und Mortalität (Tuesday, October 17, Session “Mortalität und Morbidität)

     (2) Krivanek, Desiree: Erfolgreiches Altern in Klöstern? Eine soziologische Studie über Auswirkungen einer verlängerten Arbeitszeit auf Gesundheit und Wohlbefinden von Ordensleuten in Österreich (Tuesday, October 17, Session “Altern/Alterung”)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography trägt mit den oben stehenden zwei Vorträgen zum 18. Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerischen Demographen-Treffen (DACH XVIII) bei, das vom 16. bis 18. Oktober in Neuchâtel, Schweiz stattfindet.

 

 

18.09.2017: Presentations at DGD 2017 / Präsentationen bei der DGD 2017

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in three presentations at the 2017 Conference of the German Demographic Association. The conference will take place in conjunction with the “Statistical Week” in Rostock, Germany

on 19-22 September (see Conference Program):

 

     (1) Krivanek, Desiree: Ora et labora: Eine gesundheitssoziologische Studie über die Auswirkungen der längeren Lebensarbeitszeit von Ordensleuten in Österreich auf deren Gesundheit und Lebensqualität (Thursday, September 19, Session “Arbeit–Alterung–Gesundheit 1: Education, Longer Working Lives and Intergenerational Transfers”)

     (2) Luy, Marc; Köppen, Bernhard: “Express-Transition” als Sonderfall des Demographischen Übergangs: Neue Einblicke in den zentralen Prozess der globalen Bevölkerungsentwicklung (Thursday, September 19, Session “Demographische und gesellschaftliche Entwicklungen 2: Methoden und Prognosen”)

     (3) Luy, Marc: End of a Myth: Disentangling the “Gender and Health Paradox” (Friday, September 20, Session “Differentials in morbidity and mortality”)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography mit oben stehenden drei Vorträgen bei Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Demographie (DGD) vertreten, die vom 19. bis 22. September im Rahmen der Statistischen Woche in Rostock stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Programm).

 

 

01.09.2017: Start of the ERC project LETHE / Beginn des ERC-Projekts LETHE

 

Today started our new research ERC project LETHE for the duration of 5 years (until August 2022). It’s main aim will be to better understand the measurement and estimation sensitivity of the “Health Expectancy” indicator (see Projects).

 

Heute startete unser neues ERC-Projekt LETHE für die Dauer von 5 Jahren (bis August 2022). Das Hauptziel liegt im Erlangen eines besseren Verständnisses der Mess– und Schätzempfindlichkeiten des Indikators “Gesunde Lebenserwartung” (siehe Projekte).

 

 

01.08.2017: New DELAG team member / Neues Mitglied im DELAG-Team

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography welcomes our new PhD student Markus Sauerberg (see DELAG Team). Markus studied demography at the University of Rostock and completed successfully the program of the European Doctoral School of Demography. His main tasks will be inside the LETHE project (see Projects).

 

Markus Sauerberg at the VID Website

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography heißt seinen neuen Doktoranden Markus Sauerberg herzlich willkommen (siehe DELAG-Team). Markus studierte Demographie an der Universität Rostock und absolvierte erfolgreich das Programm der European Doctoral School of Demography. Seine Arbeiten werden sich vor allem auf das Projekt LETHE konzentrieren (siehe Projekte).

 

 

15.07.2017: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc, 2017: “Sachgebiet Bevölkerungswissenschaft/Demografie” [Subject area population science/demography], in: Wagner, Fred (ed.): Gabler Versicherungslexikon, 2. Auflage. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien.

 

 

31.05.2017: Presentation at the 25th Annual Population Postgraduate Conference (PopFest 2017) / Präsentation bei der 25. Annual Population Postgraduate Conference (Stockholm, Sweden, 31.05.-02.06.2017) 

 

Wiedemann, Angela: Do sex differences in diseases have a biological component? Evidence from religious orders in Germany and Austria

 

[Link to conference website]

 

 

18.05.2017: Keynote Speech at the Global Consumer Health Debate: 100 Healthy Years—are kids prepared? (Darmstadt, Germany)

 

Luy, Marc: What determines Healthy Life Expectancy?

 

[Link to Event Booklet]

 

 

18.05.2017: Presentation at REVES 2017 / Vortrag bei der REVES 2017 (Santiago de Chile, 17.-19.05.2017)

 

Wiedemann, Angela: A hint of evidence for a biological component in sex differences in diseases

 

[Link to conference website]

 

 

01.05.2017: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc; Lebok, Uwe, 2017: “Der Mann, das schwache Geschlecht?” [Males, the weaker sex?], Pharma Relations 17(5): 24-25.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

26.04.2017: Presentations at PAA 2017 / Präsentationen bei der PAA 2017

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in three oral and poster presentations at the 2017 Meeting of the Population Association of America, taking place in Chicago, USA on 26-29 April 2017 (see Conference Program):

 

     (1) Luy, Marc: Health Expectancy: On the Overlooked Relevance of Its Measurement and Estimation Sensitivity (Thursday, April 27, Poster Session 3)

     (2) Köppen, Bernhard; Luy, Marc: Demographic Transition in the Fast-Lane: An Analysis of “Express Transitioning” Countries (Friday, April 28, Session 162, presented by Bernhard Köppen)

     (3) Krivanek, Desiree: Ora Et Labora (Pray and Work): A Sociological Health Study on the Impact of Longer Working Life on Health and Quality of Life of Order Members in Vienna (Saturday, April 29, Poster Session 10)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography ist an oben stehenden drei Vorträgen und Poster-Präsentationen beim 2017 Annual Meeting der Population Association of America beteiligt, die vom 26. bis 29. April in Chicago (USA) stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Programm).

 

 

23.03.2017: Presentation at the UPF Research Forum of the Department of Political and Social Sciences, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF) in Barcelona / Präsentation beim UPF Research Forum des Department of Political and Social Sciences, Pompeu Fabra Universität (UPF) in Barcelona (Spain)

 

Luy, Marc: Can we explain and disenchant the “gender-and-health-paradox”?

 

[Link to programme]

 

Abstract: From the 1960s to the 1980s a common wisdom about differences between males and females in health and mortality emerged which was summarized by the well-known phrase “women get sicker, but men die quicker”. Recently this wisdom has been increasingly questioned. Nonetheless, the general idea of a paradoxical relationship between health and mortality among women and men persists until today. The presented research aims at advancing the understanding of this paradox by demonstrating that the reverse relationship between sex on the one side and health and mortality on the other is not as paradoxical as it seems. Our findings indicate that the phenomenon can be explained by three factors. First, the reversal in sex morbidity and sex mortality differentials is not universal. It occurs primarily with regard to longstanding illnesses which are not closely associated with the risk of dying. Second, this disadvantage of women is mostly a direct consequence of their advantage in longevity. Thus, women suffer more from longstanding illnesses than men not in spite of living longer, but because they live longer. These factors have not been connected with the gender-and-health-paradox so far and combine this phenomenon with the ongoing “compression versus expansion of morbidity” debate. Finally, the remaining disadvantages of women in healthy life years are eliminated when gender differences in health reporting are adjusted for.

 

 

15.03.2017: Presentation at the FACTAGE Expert Workshop on Differential Mortality at Statistics Austria / Präsentation beim FACTAGE Experten-Workshop zu differentieller Sterblichkeit bei Statistik Austria (Vienna, 15-17 March 2017)

 

Luy, Marc: The Longitudinal Survival Method for estimating life expectancy for subpopulations from survey data with mortality follow-up

 

Abstract: Estimation of life expectancy for specific subpopulations is a common problem for demographers because population statistics often do not include the required data on deaths and the population at risk. To overcome this problem we developed a simple demographic approach to derive life tables from survey data with mortality follow-up. We refer to the method as “Longitudinal Survival Method” (LSM) because it is based on longitudinal survival experiences of survey respondents which are transformed into a period life table. The specific strengths of the LSM include the low demand on the data, the easy applicability and the estimation of age-specific probabilities of dying. Moreover, the LSM allows estimations even for very small subpopulations. The only necessary assumption is that the relationship between cohort and period survival prevalent in the entire population applies to each subpopulation. We demonstrate the functionality of the LSM through application to the German Life Expectancy Survey.

 

 

13.03.2017: Presentation at the St. Gallen MONTAGSFORUM / Präsentation beim MONTAGSFORUM in St. Gallen (Switzerland)

 

Luy, Marc: Warum leben Frauen länger als Männer? [Why do women live longer than men?]

 

[Link to announcement and abstract]

 

 

09.02.2017: Presentation at Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione (Popdays) / Poster-Präsentation beim Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione (Annual Meeting of the Italian Association for Population Studies, Florence, Italy, 08.-10.02.2017)

 

Krivanek, Desiree: Successful Aging in monasteries? A health study on the impact of extending working life on health and well-being of order members in Austria

 

[Link to Conference Website]

 

 

13.12.2016: Marc Luy receives ERC Consolidator Grant / Marc Luy erhält ERC Consolidator Grant

 

Marc Luy has been awarded with an ERC Consolidator Grant for the project "Levels and Trends of Health Expectancy: Understanding its Measurement and Estimation Sensitivity". The 5-years project will start in 2017 and is already Luy’s second ERC Grant. In 2010 he received an ERC Starting Grant to study the “male-female health-mortality paradox”.

 

Marc Luy wurde vom Europäischen Forschungsrat mit einem ERC Consolidator Grant ausgezeichnet für das Projekt "Levels and Trends of Health Expectancy: Understanding its Measurement and Estimation Sensitivity". Das 5-Jahres-Projekt wird 2017 beginnen. Es ist bereits Luys zweiter ERC Grant. Im Jahr 2010 erhielt er einen ERC Starting Grant zur Erforschung des “Male-Female Health-Mortality Paradox”.

 

 

05.12.2016: Presentation at the VID December Conference on Variations on the themes of Wolfgang Lutz” / Präsentation bei der Dezember-Konferenz des VID zum Thema “Variations on the themes of Wolfgang Lutz” (Vienna, Austria, 05-07 December 2016)

 

Luy, Marc; Zannella, Marina; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Sugawara, Yuka; Lutz, Wolfgang; Caselli, Graziella: How human capital drives life expectancy—a demographic analysis(presented by Marc Luy)

 

 

01.12.2016: Presentation at the 10th CCIV Symposium Integrated Care „Die Kunst des guten Alterns“ in Vienna / Präsentation 10. CCIV Symposium Integrierte Versorgung „Die Kunst des guten Alterns“ in Wien

 

Luy, Marc: Determinanten von Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit [Determinants of health and longevity])

 

 

01.10.2016: New research project / Neues Forschungsprojekt

 

Today started our new research project “Ora et Labora”, financially supported by the City of Vienna for the duration of 12 months. It is part of the Cloister Study sub-project AGAS (Ageing in an Aged Society) and investigates the effects of a longer working life time on health and life quality of order members (see Projects).

 

Heute startete unser neues Forschungsprojekt “Ora et Labora”, das für die Dauer von 12 Monaten von der Stadt Wien finanziell unterstützt wird. Es ist Teil des Klosterstudien-Teilprojekts AGAS (Ageing in an Aged Society) und untersucht die Auswirkungen des über das klassische Pensionsalter hinausgehende Arbeitsleben der Ordensleute auf deren Gesundheit und Lebensqualität (siehe Projekte).

 

 

01.10.2016: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc, 2017: “Potenzial der zukünftigen Entwicklung der Lebenserwartung” [Potentials for future trends of life expectancy], in: Mayer, T. (ed.): Die transformative Macht der Demografie, Wiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien: 157-172.

[Link to Article]

 

Abstract: The paper investigates by simple model simulations whether an increase of life expectancy to 100 years—as postulated in the “Oeppen-Vaupel-Hypothesis—is theoretically possible and how the corresponding life table might look like. We find that in view of the factual mortality reductions from 1950 to 2000 such a development cannot be excluded. Consequently, population projections with the aim to assess future demographic changes should include such a scenario for future trends in life expectancy.

 

In diesem Beitrag wird auf anschauliche Weise und anhand einfacher Modellrechnungen untersucht, ob ein Anstieg der durchschnittlichen Lebenserwartung bei Geburt auf 100 Jahre bis zur Mitte dieses Jahrhunderts – wie in der „Oeppen-Vaupel-Hypothese“ postuliert – theoretisch möglich ist und wie eine zu diesem Wert führende Sterbetafel aussehen müsste. Vor dem Hintergrund der erfolgten Sterblichkeitsreduktionen zwischen 1950 und 2000 lässt sich eine derartige Entwicklung bis zum Jahr 2050 tatsächlich nicht ausschließen. Folglich sollte man diese Perspektive der Entwicklung der Lebenserwartung bei Bevölkerungsprognosen mit dem Ziel, die zukünftigen demografischen Veränderungen abzuschätzen, durchaus mitberücksichtigen.

 

 

01.-03.09.2016: Presentations at EPC 2016 / Vorträge bei der EPC 2016

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is involved in seven oral and poster presentations at the 2016 European Population Conference, taking place in Mainz, Germany on 31 August - 03 September (see Conference Website):

 

     (1) Luy, Marc; Zannella, Marina; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Sugawara, Yuka; Lutz, Wolfgang; Caselli, Graziella: Increasing Human Capital fuels increasing Life Expectancy and Optimism for the Future (Thursday, September 01, Session 2, presented by Marc Luy)

     (2) Di Giulio, Paola; Reynaud, Cecilia; Philipov, Dimiter: Family consequences of children disability (Friday, September 02, Poster Session 1, presented by Dimiter Philipov)

     (3) Köppen, Bernhard; Luy, Marc: The “First” Demographic Transition: Refurbishment and Revision of a Classical Model in Search of Main Drivers of the Process (Friday, September 02, Session 65, presented by Bernhard Köppen)

     (4) Philipov, Dimiter; Goujon, Anne; Di Giulio, Paola: The dynamics of human capital-specific old-age dependency ratio in Europe (Friday, September 02, Session 75, presented by Dimiter Philipov)

     (5) Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Luy, Marc: From Survey Data with Mortality Follow-up to Period Life Expectancy: The Longitudinal Survival Method (Friday, September 02, Session 86, presented by Marc Luy)

     (6) Bowen, Catherine E.; Luy, Marc: Community Social Characteristics and Health at Older Ages: Evidence from 156 Religious Communities (Friday, September 02, Session 89, presented by Marc Luy)

     (7) Wiedemann, Angela; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Luy, Marc: The influence of early life socioeconomic factors and health status on disease risk and morbidity in adulthood: findings from the Cloister Study (Saturday, September 03, Session 108, presented by Angela Wiedemann)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography ist an oben stehenden sieben Vorträgen und Poster-Präsentationen bei der 2016 European Population Conference beteiligt, die vom 31. August bis 03. September in Mainz (Deutschland) stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Webseite).

 

 

29.08.2016: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Bowen, Catherine E.; Luy, Marc, 2016: “Community social characteristics and health at older ages: evidence from 156 religious communities”, The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbw114.

[Link to Article]

 

Abstract: Previous studies have found that individuals’ health is associated with the social characteristics of their communities. However, interpreting the causality of the relationships is difficult due to a number of potential confounders on both the individual- and community-levels as well as potential selection effects. In the current article, we analyze data on health and community characteristics from Catholic order members aged 50+ living together in religious communities. We argue that the potential for confounders and selection effects is reduced in our sample. We use multilevel group actor–partner interdependence models and cross-sectional questionnaire data (N = 1,041, k = 156 communities) to test whether individuals’ self-rated health was associated with the level of social conflict and connectedness of their community separate from their own involvement in conflict and feelings of connectedness. We find that living in communities with higher levels of conflict is associated with worse health, especially at older ages. We also find that (a) the relationship between health and own feelings of connectedness is stronger for men and (b) women report better health than men in more connected communities. Our results offer further evidence that at least some social characteristics of the community have a causal impact on health.

 

 

14.07.2016: Presentation at the 3rd ISA Forum of Sociology / Präsentation beim 3. ISA-Forum of Sociology (Vienna, Austria, 10-14 July 2016)

 

Luy, Marc; Zannella, Marina; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Sugawara, Yuka; Lutz, Wolfgang; Caselli, Graziella: The effect of increasing human capital on increasing life expectancy: a demographic decomposition (presented by Marc Luy)

 

[Link to abstract]

 

[Link to conference website]

 

 

05.07.2016: Presentation at the PopFest conference 2016 at the University of Manchester / Präsentation bei der PopFest Konferenz 2016 an der Universität Manchester

 

Wiedemann, Angela: Enduring influences of socio-economic circumstances in childhood on adult health: Findings from the Cloister Study

 

[Link to conference website]

 

 

22.06.2016: Poster presentation at the Epidemiology Congress of the Americas / Posterpräsentation beim Epidemiology Congress of the Americas (Miami, Florida, USA, 21-24 June 2016)

 

Luy, Marc; Zannella, Marina; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Sugawara, Yuka; Lutz, Wolfgang; Caselli, Graziella: Increasing education levels fuel increasing life expectancy and optimism for the future (presented by Marc Luy)

 

[Link to conference website]

 

 

21.06.2016: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

ESHRE Capri Workshop Group (team of authors), 2016: “The influence of social factors on gender health”, Human Reproduction, doi: 10.1093/humrep/dew154.

[Link to Article]

 

Abstract: Male births exceed female births by 5–6% (for a sex ratio at birth of 1.05–1.06) while a women's life expectancy, on a global scale, is about 6 years longer. Thus within various age groups the male:female ratio changes over time. Until age 50 years men outnumber women; thereafter their numbers show a sharp decline. Consequently at age 80 years, there are many more women than men. An estimated 25% of this male excess mortality is due to biological causes, the rest being explained by behavioural, cultural and environmental factors. For both women and men, the main health risks related to lifestyle are smoking, alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. In the year 2010, overweight (BMI: 25–29 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI: >30 kg/m2) were responsible for over 3 million deaths, with similar relative risks in men and women for overweight and obesity. Smoking and alcohol are the major causes of the global gender gap in mortality. For women in some parts of the world however pregnancy is also hazardous. On a global scale, in 2013 about 300 000 deaths were related to pregnancy, with sub-Saharan Africa registering the highest maternal mortality: over 500 maternal deaths per 100 000 births. Additional woman's health risks arise from gender discrimination, including sex-selective abortion, violence against women and early child marriage. Providers should be aware of the effect that these risks can have on both reproductive and general health.

 

 

14.06.2016: Lecture at the Wittgenstein Centre Summer School on “The Demography of Health and Education” / Vorlesung im Rahmen der Wittgenstein Centre Summer School on “The Demography of Health and Education”

 

Luy, Marc: Alternative and new methods to estimate (healthy) life expectancy for subpopulations

 

[Link to lecture slides]

 

[Link to website of the summer school]

 

 

08.-10.06.2016: Presentations at REVES 2016 / Vorträge bei der REVES 2016

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography is organizing the 27th REVES Meeting “Determinants of Unusual and Differential Health Expectancy”, taking place in Vienna on 8-10 June (see Conference Website). Our research team will contribute with three presentations:

 

     (1) Luy, Marc; Wiedemann, Angela; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Di Giulio, Paola: Relationships between health and longevity in a cross-sectional context: findings from the HEMOX project  (Wednesday, June 08, presented by Marc Luy)

     (2) Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Luy, Marc: Using the Longitudinal Survival Method to estimate healthy life expectancy by education in Germany (Thursday, June 09, presented by Christian Wegner-Siegmundt)

     (3) Luy, Marc; Zannella, Marina; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Sugawara, Yuka; Lutz, Wolfgang; Caselli, Graziella: How increasing education levels drive rising life expectancy (Friday, June 10, presented by Marc Luy)

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography organisiert das 27. REVES Meeting “Determinants of Unusual and Differential Health Expectancy”, das vom 08. bis 10. Juni in Wien stattfindet (siehe Konferenz-Webseite). Unser Forscherteam wird mit den drei oben stehenden Vorträgen beitragen.

 

 

19.05.2016: Marc Luy elected Corresponding Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences / Marc Luy zum korrespondierenden Mitglied der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften gewählt

 

The Austrian Academy of Sciences elected Dr. Marc Luy in its election session on 15 April 2016 as Corresponding Member into the Division of Humanities and the Social Sciences. The certificate was handed over today in the annual ceremony.

 

Die Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften hat in ihrer Wahlsitzung am 15. April 2016 Dr. Marc Luy zum korrespondierenden Mitglied der philosophisch-historischen Klasse im Inland gewählt. Heute fand die Übergabe der Urkunde im Rahmen einer Festveranstaltung statt.

 

 

05.05.2016: Presentation at the Seminar of the Centre for Population Change (CPC) at the University of Southampton / Präsentation beim Forschungsseminar des Centre for Population Change (CPC) an der Universität Southampton

 

Luy, Marc: How paradoxical is the gender-and-health-paradox?

 

[Link to announcement and abstract]

 

 

01.04.2016: Presentations at PAA 2016 / Vorträge bei der PAA 2016 (Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Washington, D.C., USA, 31 March - 2 April 2016)

 

Luy, Marc; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian: The Longitudinal Survival Method for the Estimation of Life Expectancy from Survey Data with Mortality Follow-up (presented by Marc Luy)

[Session 123]

 

Luy, Marc; Wiedemann, Angela; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Di Giulio, Paola: Testing the Gender and Health Paradox: Insights from a Natural Experiment (presented by Marc Luy)

[Session 160]

 

[Link to conference website]

 

 

09./10.03.2016: Presentations at DGD 2016 / Vorträge bei der DGD 2016 (Annual Conference of the German Demographic Association DGD, Leipzig, Germany, 9-11 March 2016)

 

Luy, Marc; Wiedemann, Angela; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian: Ursachen und Trends der Geschlechterdifferenz in der Lebenserwartung in Deutschland [Causes and trends of the gender difference in life expectancy in Germany] (presented by Marc Luy)

 

Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Luy, Marc; Wiedemann, Angela: Sozioökonomische Unterschiede in der gesunden Lebenszeit in Deutschland [Socio-economic differences in healthy life time in Germany] (presented by Christian Wegner-Siegmundt)

 

[Link to conference flyer]

 

 

24.02.2016: Presentation at the Research Seminar of the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) / Präsentation beim Forschungsseminar des Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER)

 

Luy, Marc: Relationships between health and longevity.

 

[Link to announcement and abstract]

 

 

18.02.2016: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

zur Nieden, Felix; Rau, Roland; Luy, Marc, 2016: “Allgemeine Sterbetafel 2010/12–Neue Ansätze zur Glättung und Extrapolation der Sterbewahrscheinlichkeiten” [General German life table 2010/12—new approaches for smoothing and extrapolating probabilities of dying], Wirtschaft und Statistik 2016(1): 63-74.

[Link to Article]

 

Abstract: A life table is a demographic model which permits a general assessment of mortality-

related aspects in a population irrespective of its size and age structure. General life

tables are constructed after each population census. They are compiled and published

for the population up to the age of 100 years. This article explains the new approaches

to smoothing and extrapolating probabilities of death in official statistics which were

applied in constructing the general life table 2010/12 for Germany and its Länder.

Using these methods, basic patterns of age-specific probabilities of dying could be

derived for Germany and the Länder.

 

Eine Sterbetafel ist ein demografisches Modell, das die zusammenfassende Beurteilung der Sterblichkeitsverhältnisse einer Bevölkerung unabhängig von ihrer Größe und Altersstruktur ermöglicht. Allgemeine Sterbetafeln werden jeweils im Anschluss an eine Volkszählung erstellt und bis zu der Altersstufe von 100 Jahren veröffentlicht. Bei der Erstellung der allgemeinen Sterbetafel 2010/12 für Deutschland und die Bundesländer kamen neue Ansätze zur Glättung und zur Extrapolation der Sterbewahrscheinlichkeiten in der amtlichen Statistik zum Einsatz, die in diesem Beitrag erläutert werden. Unter Verwendung dieser Methoden ist es möglich, die den altersspezifischen Sterbewahrscheinlichkeiten in Deutschland und den Bundesländern zugrunde liegenden Muster abzuleiten.

 

 

31.01.2016: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc, 2016: “The impact of biological factors on sex differences in life expectancy: insights from a natural experiment”, in: Dinges M.; Weigl A. (eds.): Gender-specific life Expectancy in Europe 1850–2010, Stuttgart, Steiner: 17-46.

[Link to Book]

 

Abstract: There is consensus that biological factors—defined as those components of mortality that are neither due to individual behaviours nor to social or environmental influences—have been responsible for only a minor fraction of the sex gap in life expectancy in the post-war populations of developed countries. However, it is difficult to quantify the exact degree of their influence, because it is impossible to carry out pertinent experiments in human beings and research is therefore limited to what can be observed. Consequently, only a few attempts to quantify the impact of biological factors exist which are based on different theoretical considerations and estimation strategies. Nonetheless, they all agree on the modest size of the naturally caused sex gap with only minor deviations in the estimated extent (1-2 years or about 25% of life expectancy). We assessed the impact of biological factors on sex differences in life expectancy on the basis of the life data of female and male Catholic order members from Germany and Austria for the years 1960-1970. Although it is known that cloistered life entails specific risk factors which influence women’s and men’s mortality differently, it seems that nuns and monks living in these years are an almost ideal experimental setting for this research question. Moreover, the data permit estimates of the naturally caused differences as a function of the overall sex gap in life expectancy. As biological factors interact with non-biological drivers of mortality—including developments in medical technology and treatments—it seems plausible to assume that their contribution is not stable but rather varies with the respective social and disease environments. Our data suggest a logarithmic relationship between the impact of biological factors (estimated on the basis the difference in life expectancy between nuns and monks) and the extent of the sex differences in life expectancy (indicated by the respective values for the total population) which leads to an estimated impact of biological factors between 0.8 and 1.6 years in life expectancy at birth. Thus, for sex differences in life expectancy up to 6 years these estimates are very similar to the commonly assumed 25%-difference. However, the derived logarithmic function yields lower estimates for the biological impact in populations with higher sex differences as they are found in Russia and other Eastern European countries.

 

 

15.01.2016: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc, 2016: “Demographische Kennziffern und Methoden“ [Demographic indicators and methods], in Niephaus, Y.; Kreyenfeld, M.; Sackmann, R. (eds.): Handbuch Bevölkerungssoziologie, Wiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien: 121-152.

[Link to Article]

 

Abstract: Der Beitrag beschreibt die Grundlagen demographischer Methoden, auf denen die wichtigsten Kennziffern zur Charakterisierung der eine Bevölkerung strukturierenden Prozesse (Fertilität, Nuptialität, Morbidität, Mortalität und Migration) basieren und deren Kenntnis für ihre richtige Interpretation erforderlich ist. Dies beinhaltet die zentralen demographischen Konzepte der Ereignisrate, der Sterbetafel und ihrer Erweiterung zur Mehrzustandstafel, des stabilen Bevölkerungsmodells, der Perioden- und Kohorten-Analyse sowie der indirekten Schätzverfahren, die zur Gewinnung demographischer Kennziffern in Entwicklungsländern verwendet werden.

 

 

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 Determinants of Longevity and Ageing in Good Health (DELAG)

 

  Austrian Academy of Sciences—Vienna Institute of Demography—Research Group Health and Longevity